Nonviolent direct action fosters tension, which in turn fosters the need for negotiation amongst a group or community that previously refused negotiation.
Ultimately a great nation is a compassionate nation. While the nonviolent resister is passive in the sense that he is not physically aggressive toward his opponent, his mind and emotions are always active, constantly seeking to persuade his opponent that he is wrong.
Martin Luther King, who thought long and carefully about questions of method certainly teaches us that such thought is required if human rights are to be successfully pursued in a manner worthy of human dignity.
The men stated how disruptive the protest had been to the area, villainized King, and illustrated the law enforcement as the community heroes who restored peace to the city. Individuals may see the moral light and give up their unjust posture; but as Reinhold Niebuhr has reminded us, groups are more immoral than individuals.
The self-purification step entails questioning your own moral strength and whether you can withstand the violence inflicted upon you without retaliating. There are other movements that perhaps provide insights: This minimizes misunderstandings and gains you support and sympathy.
Racism is total estrangement. This is what the nonviolent discipline, when one takes it seriously, says. I had hoped that each of you would understand. Instead he recognized that conflict was an inevitable part of human experience.
There comes a time when the cup of endurance runs over, and men are no longer willing to be plunged into an abyss of injustice where they experience the bleakness of corroding despair. In the midst of blatant injustices inflicted upon the Negro, I have watched white churches stand on the sideline and merely mouth pious irrelevancies and sanctimonious trivialities.
Its unjust treatment of Negroes in the courts is a notorious reality.
In spite of my shattered dreams of the past, I came to Birmingham with the hope that the white religious leadership in the community would see the justice of our cause and, with deep moral concern, serve as the channel through which our just grievances could get to the power structure.
Tension is what expands minds, challenges past traditions, and installs societal change. The last stage is direct action.
It is active nonviolent resistance to evil. They are ingredients in the objective that we seek in life.In this letter, Dr. King outlines the four steps that must be achieved within a nonviolent campaign.
Dr. King’s four steps to a nonviolent campaign include identifying and proving the existence of injustices, negotiation, self-purification, and direct action. Lesson 1: Martin Luther King, Jr.
and Nonviolent Resistance A link to the text of the "Letter to Martin Luther King" can be found at the EDSITEment-reviewed site "Teaching American History." List and explain the four-step process King outlines for their nonviolent campaign.
Martin Luther King Civil Rights Leader and Peace Advocate (Part 1 of 4) Every nation - Martin Luther King Jnr Memorial Washington D.C. Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his life for the poor of the world, the garbage workers of Memphis and the peasants of Vietnam. In any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps: 1) collection of the facts to determine whether injustices are alive; 2) negotiation; 3) self-purification; and 4) direct action.
We have gone through all of these steps in Birmingham.
In any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps: 1) collection of the facts to determine whether injustices are alive; 2) negotiation; 3) self-purification; and 4) direct action. We have gone through all of these steps in Birmingham. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham Jail" and the public statement of the white Birmingham clergymen make a natural pairing for a discussion of the pros and cons of nonviolent resistance.Download